The Hippodrome in Istanbul, Turkey
The oldest monument of Constantinople stands in the Hippodrome, a public square, originally the ancient circus for chariot-racing. In the centre is a spina, the longitudinal barrier in the centre of the Hippodrome. In the centre of the spina are two obelisks. The larger one of pink granite was brought from Egypt and erected for the Roman Emperor Theodosius I in CE 390. It was originally made for Thutmose III, who ruled Egypt from BCE 1479 to 1425 . ( almost 3500 years ago) It is very well preserved.
At the far end of the Hippodrome is a fountain to commemorate the visit of Kaiser Wilhelm in 1898 and the formation of an alliance. The alliance brought the Ottoman empire into the first world war and weakened the Ottoman military. Mustafa Kemal Ataturk led a revolt for independence and became the first president of the Turkish Republic in 1923.