Herculaneum, like Pompeii was buried by ash from the 79 A.D. eruption of Mount Vesuvius. However the ash must have been cooler since there was not as much burning of the timbers as in Pompeii.
The city was rediscovered in 1709, and excavations began in 1738. Since few bodies were discovered in the excavations, it was assumed that most of the residents escaped. However in the 1980s while excavating the ancient shoreline, (now inland) about 120 bodies were found in caves that may have been boat houses.
Interior walls were well decorated like this Mosaic of Neptune and Amphitrite.
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